Appropriate nutrition is important for aquacultures. Unfortunately, it’s extremely common for fish to become ill due to poor nutrition. These problems are not just associated with the quantity of food, but also the quality of it too.
Usually, the problems are associated with improper food choice, wrong quantity of feeding (either overfeeding or underfeeding), and introducing harmful organisms in live foods. There are guidelines for feeding aquarium fish, which often include the different types of foods that are recommended.
With the introduction of granules, pellets, flakes and wafers, feeding aquariums with good quality food has become easier. These popular dried feeds come in a wide variety that observes the different levels of feeding, bottom, mid-level or surface.
The most important thing is mastering the feeding level of your fish before supplying the right amount of foods in the respective layers. Fish species have distinguishing characteristics ideal for feeding within the given levels in the tank. For instance, the mouth of the hatchet fish is up-turned and can easily take food off the surface, whereas a catfish’s mouth is downturned and they feed from the bottom of the aquarium.
Plant or animal-based food
Although most aquarium fish eat both animals and plants, some species only feed on either plants or animals. Feeding an animal-eating fish with plants could result in difficulties within the digestion system.
Unless you have a single species in the aquarium, it is necessary to provide different types of foods. Be sure to consider each and every species in the tank with respect to their nutritional needs.
Feeding aquarium fish with good quality food does not mean the constant provision of commercially dried foods. While the foods may help in preventing starvation, they do not guarantee the achievement of the full health benefit.
That is why the incorporation of fresh, frozen or live foods is equally important. Fresh foods and insects cultivate full-blown health and breeding in many species.
The foods are also commercially produced and do not necessarily translate to the collection of own harvested food sources. This is not to say you cannot introduce your own collection.
However, you must adhere to certain safety measures. For example, if it is an insect, you should keep in water for several days or, better yet, rinse their intestinal tracts prior to putting them in the tank.
Whether you choose fresh, frozen or dried foods, plant or animal based, it is important to feed aquarium fish with a variety of other foods to ensure optimum health. Most importantly, strictly ensure that the foods do not hold undermining organism and substances, such as parasites and toxins.